Coastal Fisheries Programme

Number 20 - August 2004


Group Coordinator and Bulletin Editor:
Chantal Conand, Université de La Réunion, Laboratoire de biologie marine, 97715 Saint-Denis Cedex, La Réunion, France. Fax: +262 938166

Information Section, Marine Resources Division, SPC, B.P. D5, 98848 Noumea Cedex, New Caledonia. Fax: (687) 263818;

Produced with financial assistance from the European Union through the EU/SPC PROCFish project


It is a great pleasure to present the 20th issue of the SPC Beche-de-Mer Information Bulletin.

In recent months, several important CITES (Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species) activities related to sea cucumber management have occurred. Following the CITES Technical Workshop in Malaysia, in March 2004, the CITES Animals Committee met in South Africa, in April 2004, and adopted several recommendations. The 13th meeting of the Conference of the Parties will be held in Thailand, in October 2004. Further details can be found in this issue.

During the workshop on Advances in Sea Cucumber Aquaculture and Management (ASCAM) organised by the Fisheries Department of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), recommendations were formulated and will be used in future collaborations. The proceedings of the ASCAM workshop are published by FAO (see the Abstracts and publications section).

Given the relative scarcity of direct observations of holothurian juveniles in the wild, Glenn Shiell submitted a questionnaire in issue 19 of this bulletin. He summarises here the information collected so far, and hopes that responses will continue to arrive, helping us to better understand this critical life stage.

Culturing several marine species in the same pond at the same time (an activity referred to as “co-culturing”) could be an important development path for sea cucumber aquaculture. Rayner Pitt describes his experiences in Vietnam with sandfish (Holothuria scabra) and shrimp (Penaeus monodon).

The consequences of fission on population densities and biomasses of Holothuria atra have been further studied on Reunion Island by Chantal Conand.

Pradina Purvati  has studied fissiparity in Holothuria leucospilota from tropical northern Australian waters.

For his Bachelor's degree in agribusiness (aquaculture), Tim Lo studied the valuation of sea cucumber attributes through laddering. His findings are presented in this issue.

We continue to publish data on sea cucumber spawning observations in the wild, following the questionnaire we submitted in 1992 to the bulletin's readers (see issue #4 of this bulletin).

Chantal Conand

). For more information on this new publication please contact the SPC Information Section (or see mailing address and telephone and fax numbers on cover page of this bulletin).

You will find below a list of links for websites related to echinoderms:

The last issue of the Virtual Echinoderms Newsletter is available at:

A new echinoderm portal is maintained by Sabine Stohr from the Swedish Museum of Natural History:

A brief summary of information concerning sea cucumber farming has been posted on the SPC aquaculture portal at:

A short list of websites related to Holothuroidea is given on the Serebella website at: and Fauna/Animalia/Echinodermata/ Holothuroidea/ 

Chantal Conand  


Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES): Conservation and trade in sea cucumbers
Conand C. (pdf: 189 KB)
Field observations of juvenile sea cucumbers
Shiell G. (pdf: 120 KB)
Sandfish (Holothuria scabra) with shrimp (Penaeus monodon) co-culture tank trials
Pitt R., Duy N.D.Q., Duy T.V., Long H.T.C. (pdf: 726 KB)
Monitoring a fissiparous population of Holothuria atra on a fringing reef on Reunion Island (Indian Ocean)
Conand C. (pdf: 118 KB)
Fissiparity in Holothuria leucospilota from tropical Darwin waters, northern Australia
Purwati P. (pdf: 167 KB)
Valuation of sea cucumber attributes through laddering
Lo T.H. (pdf: 131 KB)
Natural spawning observations
Rard M., Desurmont A. (pdf: 99 KB)

Download the complete publication:

Beche de Mer #20 (pdf: )

   SPC Homepage | Copyright © SPC 2021