Coastal Fisheries Programme


Number 43 - April 2023


Group Coordinator and Bulletin Editor:
Igor Eeckhaut, Biology of Marine Organisms and Biomimetics, 6 Av. Champ de Mars, University of Mons, 7000 Mons Belgium.

Pacific Community, Fisheries Aquaculture and Marine Ecosystems Division, Information Section, SPC, BP D5, 98848 Noumea Cedex, New Caledonia.

Produced with financial assistance from the Australian Government, the European Union, France and the New Zealand Aid Programme.



This 43rd issue of the SPC Beche-de-Mer Information Bulletin includes 12 original articles and scientific observations from around the world.

The first article by Ducarme et al. (p. 4) describes the results of a one-year sea cucumber survey conducted in Vanuatu (South Pacific) during 2019/2020. Paderanga et al. (p. 11) give us information on the distribution and abundance of white teatfish in the area of Medano White Island Marine Fish Sanctuary in the Philippines. Three teatfish species were included in Appendix II of CITES in 2019, and Di Simone et al. (p. 17) explain the inclusion of three new species of Thelenota: T. ananas, T. anax and T. rubralineata.

The next article, presented by Christophersen et al. (p. 23), presents the results of initial studies on the reproduction of Parastichopus tremulus in captivity in Norway. The results concern broodstock holding, induced spawning, and gamete quality. Potential new biotechnological tools for improving hatchery production are also discussed.

Ma et al. (p. 32) report on unusually heavy, deformed individuals of Cucumaria frondosa harvested by bottom trawl off the coast of Newfoundland (eastern Canada) that displayed stones nestled inside their body cavity.

Two articles concern different projects related to the investigation of microplastics found in sea cucumbers: one is from Dettling et al. (p. 39) and the other from Mohsen (p. 43).

The next two articles are about sea cucumbers from the Mediterranean Sea. In the first, Khodja and Mezzali (p. 46) determine some biometric relationships of Parastichopus regalis that can be used for the management of its fishery before its launch. In the second, Sellem (p. 52) provides data on the abundance of sea cucumber species in a Mediterranean lagoon on the Tunisian coastline.

Concerning education and training, Indriana et al. (p. 57) explain the training that was offered in Lombok (Indonesia) to several groups concerning the farming of Holothuria scabra. Eeckhaut et al. (p. 63) announce the setting up a Certificate in the Science of Artisanal Mariculture and Village Farming, supported by Belgian and Malagasy universities. The Certificate will welcome 20 candidates annually, and the first courses will be in September 2024. The practice of four maricultures (holothuriculture, algoculture, spiruliculture and coralliculture) will be taught.

In the same field, Di Simone et al. (p. 66) introduce a new simplified identification guide with 56 species of sea cucumbers, protected and unprotected by CITES, and traded worldwide for food consumption. It is purposedly simplified for use by non-specialists, including enforcement authorities whose mission is to detect potentially illegal shipments.

Finally, observations of juvenile Stichopus horrens in Solomon Islands (Komatsu et al. p. 74) and of Stichopus herrmanni (Ducarme p. 76) are presented.

Also included in this issue are various communications (p. 79) about past and future congresses. In particular, Alessandro Lovatelli and Steve Purcell (p. 82) announce the arrival of the second edition of the FAO guide on the “Commercially important sea cucumbers of the World”. This edition includes 84 species. The articles by Di Simone et al. in English, are also presented in French (p. 20 and 70).




Field inventory and population assessment of sea cucumbers from vanuatu
Ducarme F., Dumas P., Kaku R. (pdf: 416 KB)
Notes on the distribution and abundance of white teatfish – Holothuria fuscogilva Cherbonnier, 1980 – at White Island, Philippines
Paderanga O.R.T., Leopardas V.E., Nob C.J.R., Antinero A.T., Natingga K.G., Evasco A.C. Jr., Manulat-Moscoso S.L., Empron J.L.G., Calala L.R., Quiñones M.B., Dela Rosa H.K.T., Aspe N.M., Uy W.H. (pdf: 396 KB)
The listing of three new holothurian species in CITES Appendix II
Di Simone M., Horellou A., Conand C. (pdf: 579 KB)
Inscription de trois nouvelles espèces d’holothuries à l’Annexe II de la CITES
Di Simone M., Horellou A., Conand C. (pdf: 575 KB)
Realising the reproductive potential of Parastichopus tremulus in aquaculture
Christophersen G., Meisal R., Sunde J. (pdf: 515 KB)
The enigma of stones found in the body cavities of sea cucumbers
Ma K.C.K., Trenholm R., Hamel J.-F., Mercier A. (pdf: 1 MB)
Can deep-sea holothurians from New Caledonia be used to monitor microplastic pollution?
Dettling V., Laguionie-Marchais C., Fini J.-B., Samadi S. (pdf: 240 KB)
Microplastics pathway in sea cucumbers: A perspective
Mohsen M. (pdf: 227 KB)
Biometric study of the royal sea cucumber, Parastichopus regalis (Cuvier, 1817), from Algeria’s west coast
Khodja I., Mezali K. (pdf: 508 KB)
Surveying and monitoring sea cucumber population densities in Bizerte Lagoon, Tunisia
Sellem F. (pdf: 423 KB)
Coastal community empowerment through grow-out of the sea cucumbeHolothuria scabra in Lombok, Indonesia
Indriana L.F., Dwiono S.A.P., Munandar H., Nugroho A., Adhuri D.S. (pdf: 811 KB)
Certificate in the Science of Artisanal Mariculture and Village Farming
Eeckhaut I., Lavitra T., Tsiresy G., Lepoint G., Pascal B. (pdf: 438 KB)
Identifying CITES-listed sea cucumbers: An identification guide
Di Simone M., Horellou A., Ducarme F., Conand C. (pdf: 577 KB)
Identifier les concombres de mer inscrits à la CITES : un guide d'identification
Di Simone M., Horellou A., Ducarme F., Conand C. (pdf: 626 KB)
Observations of juvenile Stichopus horrens on the southeast coast of Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands
Komatsu T., Tanita I. 2023. Diake S. JR, Maesa'a J., Waiaro K., Haruai M., Parairua B., Kobayashi T., Ramofafia C. (pdf: 371 KB)
New observation of juvenile  Stichopus herrmanni within a dense population of mixed ages in Vanuatu
Ducarme F. (pdf: 593 KB)
Anon. (pdf: 710 KB)


Download the complete publication:

Beche de Mer #43 (pdf: )

If you would like to submit an article for publication in the SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin,
please contact the SPC This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it and refer to our Instructions to authors (pdf: 104 ko)

   SPC Homepage | Copyright © SPC 2021