Coastal Fisheries Programme

Deep bottom fishing techniques for the Pacific Islands
A Manual for fishermen

by G. Preston, P. Mead, L. Chapman and P. Taumaia

The main purpose of the manual is to help Pacific Island fishermen improve their deep-bottom fishing success, particularly in commercial or semi-commercial situations. The manual is intended to act as a guide to the principles and techniques of good deep-bottom fishing, for use by fishermen who want to refine or broaden their skills. We have tried to give as much detail as possible on the rigging and use of the main fishing gear, as well as providing brief descriptions of other, less common fishing methods. We have also included information on fish handling practices which will lead to top prices for fish sold on both local and export markets. We hope that the information in this manual will enable both new and established deep bottom fishermen to improve their fishing success, their profits, or both.

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Table of contents
Chapter 1: Bottom fishing basics Deep-bottom fishing in general in the Pacific, the common fish caught, basic navigation and how to avoid accidents.
Chapter 2: Fishing gear and equipment Different gear components and how to make up bottom-fishing rigs, knots and loops used in lines and wire, the handreels used, and the use of bait and chum.
Chapter 3: The fishing vessel Vessel considerations, mounting handreels, fish boxes, anchors and anchor rope and the use of an echo sounder.
Chapter 4: Fishing operations Different fishing areas and how to select a suitable fishing site, setting and hauling an anchor, and hooking and boating fish.
Chapter 5: After fishing Taking care of the fish, including for export, boat and fishing gear care, and record keeping.
Chapter 6: Other deep-bottom fishing methods Alternative deep-bottom fishing techniques including the use of hydraulic or electric reels, bottom longlines and traps.


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