Coastal Fisheries Programme


Horizontal longline fishing - Methods and techniques
A manual for fishermen

by S. Beverly, L. Chapman and W. Sokimi

The main purpose of the manual is to introduce the horizontal longline fishing method to Pacific Island fishermen, as well as to assist those currently involved to improve their fishing success, particularly in commercial or semi-commercial situations. The manual is intended to act as a guide to the principles and techniques of good horizontal tuna longline fishing, for use by fishermen who want to start, refine or broaden their skills.  Environmental and conservation issues and concerns have been included to raise awareness and to present ways to minimise impacts on unwanted species or the environment as a result of horizontal tuna longline fishing activities.

A further aim of the manual is to serve as a resource in formal training activities carried out by the SPC fisheries programme as well as national fisheries development agencies and extension officers.


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Table of contents
Cover, Acknowledgemets and Introduction (pdf: )
Chapter 1: Basic information and techniques (pdf: ) Horizontal longlining in general in the Pacific. Target species and bycatch. Ropes, lines and knots. Sea safety issues.
Chapter 2: Fishing gear and equipment (pdf: ) Different gear components and how to make up horizontal longlines.
Chapter 3: Fishing operations (pdf: ) Preparation for fishing trips. Setting, targeting and hauling a horizontal longline. Problems and ways to solve them.
Chapter 4: Handling and preserving the catch (pdf: ) Cleaning and dressing the fish, including for export. Onboard preservation techniques: icing, RSW, CSW and freezing.
Chapter 5: Marketing and business operations (pdf: ) Grading, packing and marketing the catch, including for export. Basic economics of a longline operation.
Chapter 6: Responsible fishing (pdf: ) Marine debris and derelict fishing gear. Avoiding bycatch. Recording catch and effort, including bycatch.
Appendices (pdf: ) Weather conditions and sea state. Important radio frequencies and the phonetic alphabet. Main species caught on horizontal longlines. etc.


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