Coastal Fisheries Programme


Number 37 - March 2017


Group Coordinator and Bulletin Editor:
Igor Eeckhaut, Marine Biology and Bioimitation, 6 Av. Champ de Mars, University of Mons, 7000 Mons Belgium.

Information Section, Fisheries Aquaculture and Marine Ecosystems Division, SPC, BP D5, 98848 Noumea Cedex, New Caledonia.

Produced with financial assistance from the Australian Government, the European Union, France and the New Zealand Aid Programme.



The 37th issue of the SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin has 23 original articles and reports on the biodiversity, fisheries, aquaculture and trade of sea cucumbers in various regions, including Papua New Guinea, Philippines, China, Brazil and Nicaragua; sea cucumber symbionts; the reproduction of some sea cucumber species; and the development of methods to better study and rear them. New in situ observations are also included in this issue, along with communications about upcoming conferences, and PhD dissertations that were completed this year.

The first article is from K. Barclay et al. who summarise some of the major findings of a governance analysis that was conducted to assist the National Fisheries Authority of Papua New Guinea with understanding the factors influencing the effectiveness of their revised Beche-de-mer Fishery Management Plan.

The second and third articles are from the Philippines. R. Dolorosa et al. determine the species diversity of sea cucumbers in Rasa Island Wildlife Sanctuary in addition to the catch-per-unit-effort and earnings of collectors. J.B.S. Jontila et al. provide an initial assessment on the status of sea cucumbers at Arreceffi Island in terms of species composition, abundance and distribution.

Fisheries information comes from Turkey, Brazil and Nicaragua. M. Aydın reports on the present status of the sea cucumber fishery in Turkey and J. de Souza Junior et al. on sea cucumber fisheries in northeastern Brazil. Rogers et al. draw our attention to a fishery in Nicaragua that operates from nearby Honduras, where unethical conditions occur aboard fishing vessels and where desperate poverty drives fishers to work in dangerous conditions.

S.W. Purcell and M. Wu reveal that the sandfish Holothuria scabra is now produced in southern China within multitrophic polyculture ponds with pearl oysters and groupers. S.W. Purcell et al. record the values of the sea cucumber “pentard” in China and determine whether market price varied as a function of the size of the products.

Works on sea cucumber reproductions come from R. Santos et al. and from V. Agudelo-Martínez and A. Rodríguez-Forero. The first team characterizes the reproductive biology of Holothuria mammata from Peniche, Portugal, and the second that of Isostichopus sp. aff badionotus from the Carribbean coast of Colombia.

Two original articles focus on sea cucumber symbionts. J.F. Hamel et al. reveal a new host for a species of the genus Anoplodium, and report on its infestation rates and negative impacts on the host, supporting its classification as parasitic. K.W. Mueller present the symbionts of the giant red sea cucumber, Parastichopus californicus, in Washington State (USA), with some implications for culturing the host.

F. Ducarme provides an update on the geographical range of the holothurian species Actinopyga capillata, first described as endemic from the Mascarene Islands, with one ectopic record from the Philippines. D. Pratas et al. show the results of four tests that aimed at determining the gender of Holothuria forskali without causing evisceration or consequential mortality.

This issue also reports on the processing techniques of teatfish in Fiji, on field observations on the regeneration of Synapta maculata, and on sea cucumbers from La Réunion, Belize and Sulawesi. The last section of this issue includes communications about workshops and conferences that were held in 2016 and some that will take place in 2017. Congratulations are expressed to Georgina Robinson from Newcastle University (United Kingdom), Guillaume Caulier from the University of Mons (Belgium), Marielle Dumestre from the University of Hong Kong (China) and Kennedy Wolfe from the University of Sydney (Australia) who recently completed their PhD dissertations of various aspects of sea cucumbers.

Igor Eeckhaut

P.S. In line with a worldwide trend to limit the impact of producing printed publications on the environment, SPC has decided to stop the production and distribution of printed copies of this and other information bulletins. The bulletins will now only be produced in digital format and remain accessible from SPC’s website.




Governance and the Papua New Guinea beche-de-mer value chain
Barclay K., Fabinyi M., Kinch J. (pdf: 484 KB)
Sea cucumber fisheries in Rasa Island Wildlife Sanctuary, Narra, Palawan, Philippines
Dolorosa R.G., Salazar C.B., Delfin M.T.V., Paduga J.R., Balisco R.A.T. (pdf: 809 KB)
Species composition, density and distribution of sea cucumbers (Holothuroidea) at Arreceffi Island, Honda Bay, Palawan, Philippines
Jontila J.B.S., Balisco R.A.T., Batin G.T. (pdf: 380 KB)
Present status of the sea cucumber fishery in Turkey
Aydın M. (pdf: 784 KB)
Processing techniques for white teatfish Holothuria fuscogilva and black teatfish H. whitmaei in Fiji
Ram R., Chand R.V., Southgate P.C. (pdf: 1 MB)
Sea cucumber fisheries in Northeast Brazil
Souza Junior J., Ponte I., Melo Coe C., Lobo Farias W.R., Vieira Feitosa C., Hamel J.-F., Mercier A. (pdf: 594 KB)
From life-sustaining to life-threatening: The case of the sea cucumber fishery in Nicaragua
Rogers A., Hamel J.-F., Mercier A. (pdf: 96 KB)
Large-scale sandfish (Holothuria scabra) aquaculture in multitrophic polyculture ponds in southern China
Purcell S.W., Wu M. (pdf: 246 KB)
Market value of flower teatfish (“pentard”): A highly exploited Indian Ocean holothuroid
Purcell S.W., Ngaluafe P., Wang G., Lalavanua W. (pdf: 230 KB)
Reproductive biological characteristics and fatty acid profile of Holothuria mammata (Grube, 1840)
Santos R., Dias S., Tecelão C., Pedrosa R., Pombo A. (pdf: 493 KB)
Gametogenesis, spawning and larval development of Isostichopus sp. aff badionotus
Agudelo-Martínez V., Rodríguez-Forero A. (pdf: 948 KB)
New host for the parasitic worm Anoplodium sp. (Rhabditophora:Platyhelminthes) found in the sea cucumber Isostichopus fuscus (Holothuroidea: Echinodermata)
Hamel J.-F., Eeckhaut I., Mercier A. (pdf: 222 KB)
Symbionts of the giant red sea cucumber, Parastichopus californicus (Stimpson, 1857), with some implications for culture of the host
Mueller K.W. (pdf: 460 KB)
Revision of the geographical range of Actinopyga capillata Rowe & Massin 2006 (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea)
Ducarme F. (pdf: 236 KB)
Development of techniques for gender identification in Holothuria forskali (Delle Chiaje, 1823)
Pratas D., Santos F., Dias F., Rodrigues V., Couto M., Santos R., Baptista T., Pombo A. (pdf: 291 KB)
Teripang fishing activities at Barang Lompo Island, Sulawesi, Indonesia: An update 20 years after a visit in 1996
Yusuf S., Tuwo A., Tresnati J., Moore A.M., Conand C. (pdf: 290 KB)
Potential symbiosis between the bathyal sea cucumber Orphnurgus sp. (Elasipodida, Deimatidae) and the amphipod crustacean Adeliella sp. (Gammaridea, Lysianassoidea) in the western tropical Pacific
Corbari L., Conand C., Sorbe J.C. (pdf: 421 KB)
Field observations on the regeneration in Synapta maculata (Holothuroidea: Synaptidae)
Bourjon P. (pdf: 346 KB)
Biodiversity in holothurians at Reunion Island: Two previously undescribed sea cucumbers species
Bourjon P., Morcel E. (pdf: 365 KB)
Holothuroidea species found in Belizean waters
McNab J., Rogers A. (pdf: 447 KB)
Observation of mass recruitment of juvenile dendrochirotids on coral reefs of Sulawesi, Indonesia
Yusuf S., Tuwo A. (pdf: 224 KB)
An aquarium trade dendrochirotid holothurian, Pseudocolochirus sp., processed into teripang in Sulawesi, Indonesia
Yusuf S., Tuwo A., Tresnati J., Conand C. (pdf: 151 KB)
Report on a stranding of the dendrochirotid sea cucumber Cladolabes perspicillum and other echinoderms by a low-pressure induced storm surge on the New South Wales coast, Australia
Byrne M., Wolfe K., O'Loughlin M., Miskelly A. (pdf: 252 KB)
Anon. (pdf: 292 KB)


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Beche de Mer #37 (pdf: )

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